Ovulation Meaning: What is Ovulation?

Are you wondering what's ovulation? What is the connection between ovulation and your chances of conception, and why is a fertile window so crucial? Read on to know the answers to all your questions regarding your menstrual cycle. Let's start by understanding Ovulation Meaning. We will then proceed to discuss the fertile window and its importance in conception.

What is Ovulation?

Here's the simple Ovulation Meaning for you. It is the most crucial part of your menstrual cycle. It is the period when an egg is released from your ovary. This egg may be fertilized by a sperm, and if that happens, the egg may travel to the uterus and implant to the uterine wall to develop into a pregnancy. If the egg remains unfertilized, the egg disintegrates and is shed along with the uterine line during the monthly cycle.

Ovulation happens at day 14 of a typical 28-day menstrual cycle. However, not every menstrual cycle is 28 days long and you don't always experience on-time Ovulation, Meaning your egg may not get released in the middle of your cycle. Infact, over 46% of the cycles vary by over 7 days.

Menstrual Cycle

Ovulation process begins when your body releases a hormone known as FSH – Follicle Stimulating Hormone. This hormone helps the egg to mature inside the ovary and prepares it to be released during ovulation. E3g – Estrogen signals the pituitary gland to secrete Lh -Luteinizing Hormone.

Next, your body releases LH – Luteinizing Hormone. This is the hormone that triggers egg release from the ovary. After this, ovulation may happen in 28 to 36 hours. Now that we are clear about Ovulation Meaning let's talk about its symptoms. How can you know you are ovulating?

What are the Symptoms of Ovulation?


Upcoming ovulation triggers a number of symptoms, but you may or may not experience them.

Following are the common symptoms experienced by some women.

  • Light bleeding or spotting
  • Increased libido or sexual drive
  • Tenderness in breasts
  • Discomfort on one side of the abdomen

What is a Fertile Window?

According to gynaecologists, six days leading to ovulation plus the day of ovulation are known as the fertile window. This time frame is called so because sexual intercourse during this time can lead to pregnancy. You can get pregnant at other times as well but the chances of it happening at this time are higher.

Methods of Tracking Ovulation

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Various methods can help you track your ovulation. The accurate option is to get an ultrasound done at a doctor's office. However, here are a few methods that you can use to track your ovulation at home.

  • Follicular Study-Intravaginal- Ultrasound monitoring usually begins on day 3 of the cycle, to assess a baseline size of the follicle and the doctor suggests on when will be the follicle rupturing initiating Ovulation.

  • Basal Body Temperature Charting (BBT)– In this process, you have to record your temperature using a basal thermometer every day for a month. Observe the days when your body's basal temperature is elevated for three consecutive days. This elevated temperature confirms ovulation.

  • Ovulation Predictor Kits (OPK)– OPKs are just like OTC (Over the Counter) pregnancy tests. They work by detecting LH in your urine. A dark line on an OPK means you may ovulate in the next few days.

  • Digital Ovulation Kits or Fertility MonitorsFertility monitors can also be purchased over the counter. These monitors work by tracking LH as well as estrogen; therefore, they can predict ovulation more accurately as compared to other methods.

What Should be the Intercourse Frequency If You Are Planning To Conceive?

According to fertility experts, there is a high chance of pregnancy by having sex even once in your fertile window. Some experts also suggest that if you are trying to have a baby, you should have sex every other day in the fertile window to increase your chances of getting pregnant.


Ovulation is a natural process that happens like clockwork in a woman's body. But some factors can negatively affect the menstrual cycle and lead to irregular ovulation as well as irregular periods. While a woman's body resets itself after a particular time and gets back to normal, if you think you are not ovulating correctly or would like to know more about Ovulation Meaning, you should talk to your gynaecologist. It is important to keep track of your ovulation so that if any problem arises, you can take immediate action.

Written by Josephine Joseph
On June 12, 2020